Blogging the Bookshelf

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Entries Tagged as 'Turkey'

Ataturk’s Message to Australia – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer

August 31st, 2012 · Comments Off on Ataturk’s Message to Australia – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer · Anzac, History, Humanism, Philosophy, War, WW1

In 1934 Atatürk learned that a ship carrying relatives of fallen Allied soldiers had docked near Gallipoli and that its passengers were mounting at the site. He sent them a moving message that is now chiseled, in English translation, into a memorial stone there. “Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives,” he […]

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Ataturk and Change – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer

August 30th, 2012 · Comments Off on Ataturk and Change – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer · Ideology, Policy, Politics

“I am leaving no sermon, no dogma, nor am I leaving as my legacy any commandment that is frozen in time or cast in stone,” (Ataturk) said shortly before his death. “Concepts of well-being for countries, for peoples and for individuals are changing. In such a world, to argue for rules that never change would […]

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For the People, In Spite of the People – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer

August 30th, 2012 · Comments Off on For the People, In Spite of the People – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer · Democracy, Elitism, Political Communication, Politics

Yet guardians of the old order could honestly say that in their elitism, in their insistence that an “enlightened” vanguard should rule on behalf of the ignorant masses, they were in fact embracing an essential feature of Atatürk’s ideology. He had, after all, given his political party the slogan “For the People, In Spite of […]

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Ataturk and Family Names – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer

August 29th, 2012 · Comments Off on Ataturk and Family Names – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer · History

Since time immemorial, Turkish life had been centered on villages and clans small enough that in each there was likely to be only one Abdullah, one Hikmet and one Fatma. Those days were gone, and as a logical result of his Westernizing impulse, Kemal decreed that each citizen must have a last name. The head […]

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Ataturk on the Veil – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer

August 29th, 2012 · Comments Off on Ataturk on the Veil – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer · Culture, Islam, Multi-culturalism, Religion

In some places I have seen women who put a piece of cloth or a towel or something like it over their heads to hide their faces, and who turn their backs or huddle themselves on the ground when a man passes by,” Kemal (Ataturk) said in one speech. “What are the meaning and sense […]

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Ataturk and Gallipoli – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer

August 28th, 2012 · Comments Off on Ataturk and Gallipoli – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer · Anzac, Culture, History, War, WW1

Turkey’s experience as an ally of Kaiser Wilhelm’s Germany was disastrous, with one shining exception. To the astonishment of Europe and the world, in 1915 a Turkish force managed to resist and then repel British-led invaders whose battle plan had been drawn up by no less a personage than First Lord of the Admiralty Winston […]

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The Young Turks – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer

August 28th, 2012 · Comments Off on The Young Turks – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer · Politics

While still a young officer, Kemal (Ataturk) became a clandestine operative for a subversive group founded in the 1890s and known as the Committee of Union and Progress; the world called its members Young Turks. In 1913 the committee managed to seize key posts in the Ottoman regime, but war broke out before its work […]

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Ataturk’s Birthplace – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer

August 28th, 2012 · Comments Off on Ataturk’s Birthplace – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer · Culture, History

This titanic figure (Ataturk) was born in 1880 or 1881 to a humble family in Salonika, now the Greek city of Thessaloniki, a thriving port on the outer edge of the crumbling Ottoman Empire.

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Ataturk and the Enlightenment – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer

August 27th, 2012 · Comments Off on Ataturk and the Enlightenment – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer · Atheism, Religion, Science

“For everything in the world—for civilization, for life, for success—the truest guide is knowledge and science,” Atatürk declared in one famous speech.

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The Young Turks and Ataturk – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer

August 27th, 2012 · Comments Off on The Young Turks and Ataturk – “Crescent and Star: Turkey Between Two Worlds”, Stephen Kinzer · History, Politics

The Young Turks were members of insurgent groups that defied the absolutism of Ottoman rule during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These groups built a rich tradition of dissent that shaped the intellectual and political life of the late Ottoman period and laid the foundation for Atatürk’s revolution. Their principles were admirable, but most […]

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